Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt, Hinmatóowyalahtq̓it in his local language was born on March 3, 1840and succeeded his father Tuekakas (Chief Joseph the Elder) as the leader of the Wal-lam-wat-kain (Wallowa) band of Nez Perce. Nez Perce was a Native American tribe indigenous to the Wallowa Valley in northeastern Oregon in the interior Pacific Northwest region of the United States.He led his posse during the most difficult time their contemporary history when they were forcibly removed from their ancestral lands by the U.S Federal Government and moved northeast, onto the significantly reduced reservation in Idaho. A series of events that Resulted in times of violence led those Nez Perce who resisted removal, including Joseph’s band and an allied band of the Palouse Tribe flight, to attempt to reach political asylum.
Although famous, Joseph didn’t obtain much external help. By the time he surrendered, over 100 of his followers were wounded or killed. Although Joseph had negotiated a safe return home for his people, General Sherman of the U.S military forced him and over 200 followers to be taken on unheated rail cars to Fort Leavenworth to be held in a prisoner of war campsite for eight months. Toward the end of the summer that followed, the surviving Nez Perce were taken by rail to a reservation in the Indian Territory for seven years. Many of them died of disease soon after.
Captain Scott’s Diary
Captain Scott’s went on an expedition to the South Pole, he wrote this piece of text which is in the form of a diary knowing he would not return from this expedition alive. He wrote all of his experiences and troubles so that his audience would be able to see his expedition from his point of view because he knew he wouldn’t be alive to tell them himself. He wrote his experiences in the form of a diary because he wanted to break down all of his experiences so his audience would enjoy reading through experiences however also they would see what he did from day to day.
His diary was written in the purpose to inform his audience and in a slight way also entertain them because he was writing about his journey through the south pole and his surroundings and this would entertain his audience who may also want to follow in his footsteps and set off on an expedition to the South Pole.
His audience who he aimed to set this towards in my opinion would journalists who would want to read about his expedition, someone else would be of news reporters who would want to maybe report this and finally adventurous people who may also want to follow his expedition.
This was a parody by the satirist Craig Brown on Barack Obama’s style of speech. It deliberately starts with “I stand before this ice cream truck today”, because much of Obama’s speeches begin like this, so this parody deliberately makes a mockery of that. Therefore, it has a primary purpose of being humorous. Thus, this is why American terminology is used throughout it, despite the writer himself being British.
The audience for this genre will be English Private- Eye readers, therefore it is also for entertaining purposes by combining politics with humour.
The text mentions the “Tutti frutti” ice cream, because Obama was snapped by photographers purchasing ice cream with his daughters, so this article adds a twist on that, by sounding more melodramatic through the use of short sentences such as “That is our one true sorrow”. This sentence also reflects Obama’s presidential style.
Valerie Ann Amos, Baroness Amos
Amos was born on 13 March 1954 , she was the eighth UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitariann Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator.
Before her appointment to the UN, she served as British High Commissioner to Australia. She was created a Labour Life Peer in 1997, becoming Leader of the House of Lords and Lord President of the Council.
When Amos was appointed Secretary of State for International Development on 12 May 2003, following the resignation of Clare Short, she became the first black woman to sit in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom.
She left the Cabinet when Gordon Brown became Prime Minister. In July 2010 Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon announced Baroness Amos’s appointment to the role of Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator.
She took up the position on 1 September 2010 and remained in post until 29 May 2015. In September 2015 Amos was appointed Director of SOAS, University of London, becoming the first black woman to lead a university in the United Kingdom
- Jeremy Dickson Paxman (born 11 May 1950) is an English broadcaster, journalist and author. He has worked for the BBc since 1972 and is known for his forthright and abrasive interviewing style, particularly when interrogating politicians.
- His regular appearances on the BBC Two’s News Night programme were sometimes criticised as aggressive, intimidating and condescending, yet also applauded as tough and incisive.
- As a presenter, Paxman spent 25 years fronting the BBC’s flagship political programme, earning a reputation as a hard-bitten interviewer before he hosted his final show in summer 2014.
- Paxman was educated at St Catharine’s College, Cambridge, where he edited the student newspaper Varsity. His career began on local radio before moving to Belfast as an investigative journalist
- Paxman became a focus of media attention in his own right in October 2000 when the stolen Enigma machine which had been taken from Bletchley Park Museum was inexplicably sent to him in the mail. He had it returned to its rightful location.
- Dylan Kwabena Mills(born 18 September 1984),better known by his stage name Dizzee Rascal, is an English hip hop recording artist and record producer. His music spans grime,Uk garage, bassline,British hip hop, and R&B. Best known for his number-one hits “Dance wiv me”, “Bonkers”, “Holiday”, “Dirtee disco”, and “Shout”, his debut album boy in da corneris considered a grime classic and earned him the 2003 Mercury prize
- Was brought up in the UK Garage Music environment, with an emphasis on the dance floor.
Captain Robert Scott was an explorer and officer in the Royal Navy. Having lead numerous expeditions prior to his South Pole one, Scott is experienced in dangerous situations, which is why he is in no great shock in his diary entry.
Scott intended for his diary to be read, meaning that in recording his expedition he includes a variety of literary devices in order for his diary to be more ‘readable’ and thus to engage his audience.
Furthermore, his diary is recording a dangerous, life threatening event which Scott is experiencing. Consequently, the text will include hyperbole (again, to engage the audience) and also a spectrum of adjectives.
Unfortunately, Captain Scott was narrowly beaten to the South Pole by another explorer, Roald Amudsen and his expedition went down in history as one of the most unequipped. He died on 29th March 1912 from the extreme cold on the return journey and his other team members also perished.