Since the start of the English language, there have been over a million words created and added to it. The reason for it having so many words in the lexicon (even more than Latin) is because the language has developed many synonyms. These are words that share the same meaning or have similar ones. An example would be the word “large” which is synonymous with “Titanic” and “Gigantic”. Although not the same word exactly, they have the same meaning.
Synonyms are also extremely useful when studying English language as they can sometimes make written pieces appear more sophisticated.
Nouns: names a person, place or thing
Proper noun: refers to a place or a name e.g. Mizuho, Steve
Abstract noun: refers to feelings and concepts that do not have physical forms yet still exist as a thought. e.g. Happiness, a girlfriend for Tom
Concrete noun: refers to objects that have a physical presence e.g. potato, pizza
Adjectives ad adverbs: An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun and an adverb describes verbs.
Base: A basic form of an adjective or adverb, modifying another word e.g. Quick, quickly
Comparative: Comparing two instances by either adding the suffix “er” or by placing a “more” at the start e.g. He was quicker (it should be noted that the use of both is incorrect such as “More bigger”)
Superlative: Comparing more than two instances . e.g. biggest
Verbs: identify an action or state of being
Material: shows actions or events e.g. walk, crawl
Relational: Identifies properties or shows states of being e.g. am, is
Mental: shows feeling e.g. think
Verbal : shows the process of saying e.g. whisper, shout
Hypernym: Words with broader meanings such as “Flower”
Hyponym: Words with narrower meanings such as “Daisy”
Euphemism: A way of addressing a socially taboo or negative subject in a mild and indirect way
Dysphemism: Negative , unpleasant or derogatory manner of addressing an issue or event.