(づ。 ◕‿‿◕。) づ …(ノ◕ヮ◕)ノ*:・゚✧ ✧

Since the start of the English language, there have been over a million words created and added to it. The reason for it having so many words in the lexicon (even more than Latin) is because the language has developed many synonyms.  These are words that share the same meaning or have similar ones.  An example would be the word “large” which is synonymous with “Titanic” and “Gigantic”. Although not the same word exactly, they have the same meaning.

Synonyms are also extremely useful when studying English language as they can sometimes make written pieces appear more sophisticated.

 

Word class

Nouns:  names a person, place or thing

Proper noun:  refers to a place or a name e.g. Mizuho, Steve

Abstract noun:  refers to feelings and concepts that do not have physical forms yet still exist as a thought. e.g. Happiness, a girlfriend for Tom

Concrete noun: refers to objects that have a physical presence e.g. potato, pizza

 

Adjectives ad adverbs:  An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun and an adverb describes verbs.

Base:  A basic form of an adjective or adverb, modifying another word e.g. Quick, quickly

Comparative: Comparing two instances by either adding the suffix “er” or by placing a “more” at the start e.g. He was quicker (it should be noted that the use of both is incorrect such as “More bigger”)

Superlative:  Comparing more than two instances . e.g. biggest

 

Verbs: identify an action or state of being

Material: shows actions or events e.g. walk, crawl

Relational: Identifies properties or shows states of being e.g. am, is

Mental:  shows feeling e.g. think

Verbal : shows the process of saying e.g. whisper, shout

 

 

Key Terms

Hypernym: Words with broader meanings such as “Flower”

Hyponym: Words with narrower meanings such as “Daisy”

Euphemism:  A way of addressing a socially taboo or negative subject in a mild and indirect way

Dysphemism:  Negative , unpleasant or derogatory manner of addressing an issue or event.

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s