Should the Hansard report be edited

Dear Naz Shah

In recent occasions, it has been brought to my attention that Hansard has been edited quite a lot.

The report itself, it has been described as ‘edited verbatim’, verbatim means exactly the same words used as were originally however to me personally this is a contradiction because how can something be said originally however be edited.

In my opinion Hansard should not be edited and stand by what it described itself as, and give an official account of what was said exactly and not what makes sense to the writer.

Because some of the report has been written in a way that the speaker didn’t actually say, the texts meaning has slightly changed due to the interpretations to the text some pauses have been missed, some words have been missed which doesnt actually give an account of the true menaning and what really was said.

For example when Russell Brand answers a question given by a chair member, Russell starts by saying ‘umm’ however in the report this is not noted and included in the report and this one word has a huge affect on the report because if Russell had not said that it would look like his answer was rehearsed however the word ‘umm’ shows that he had to think about what he was going to say.

I personally don’t think the Hansard report should be edited because the writer said that it was written in the same way it was said and really it wasn’t so the writer has lied to the readers and makes them think that what is shown on the report is exactly what was said however there were some words that were different and there were some pauses that were not recognised which changes the reports whole dynamic.

Should apostrophes stay or go?

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The controversial issue of apostrophes is travelling from small conversations to council discussions. On social media there have been thousands of complaints about road signs and everyday comments about the misplaced punctuation. Or the lack of it!

This was first brought to my attention by Birmingham Council who has banned apostrophes in street signs because they spend too much time dealing with complaints about grammar.  Now Bradford Council has to choose whether they should keep or get rid of the dreaded punctuation marks.

Although there is a lot of effort taken to put every sign in top grammatical standards, the signs should be correct.  The coincidental spelling mistake may cause confusion over whether place names should have apostrophes and may cost lots of money to replace them but it is worth it to have the Standard English spelling.

This brings about the question whether if we don’t have apostrophes then…

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Since the start of the English language, there have been over a million words created and added to it. The reason for it having so many words in the lexicon (even more than Latin) is because the language has developed many synonyms.  These are words that share the same meaning or have similar ones.  An example would be the word “large” which is synonymous with “Titanic” and “Gigantic”. Although not the same word exactly, they have the same meaning.

Synonyms are also extremely useful when studying English language as they can sometimes make written pieces appear more sophisticated.

 

Word class

Nouns:  names a person, place or thing

Proper noun:  refers to a place or a name e.g. Mizuho, Steve

Abstract noun:  refers to feelings and concepts that do not have physical forms yet still exist as a thought. e.g. Happiness, a girlfriend for Tom

Concrete noun: refers to objects that have a physical presence e.g. potato, pizza

 

Adjectives ad adverbs:  An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun and an adverb describes verbs.

Base:  A basic form of an adjective or adverb, modifying another word e.g. Quick, quickly

Comparative: Comparing two instances by either adding the suffix “er” or by placing a “more” at the start e.g. He was quicker (it should be noted that the use of both is incorrect such as “More bigger”)

Superlative:  Comparing more than two instances . e.g. biggest

 

Verbs: identify an action or state of being

Material: shows actions or events e.g. walk, crawl

Relational: Identifies properties or shows states of being e.g. am, is

Mental:  shows feeling e.g. think

Verbal : shows the process of saying e.g. whisper, shout

 

 

Key Terms

Hypernym: Words with broader meanings such as “Flower”

Hyponym: Words with narrower meanings such as “Daisy”

Euphemism:  A way of addressing a socially taboo or negative subject in a mild and indirect way

Dysphemism:  Negative , unpleasant or derogatory manner of addressing an issue or event.

 

Apostrophes. Should we use them?

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Who would have thought that there would be so much debate about apostrophes?  The issue of banning them arose after Birmingham city council decided to abolish  the use of apostrophes on street signs. The council said the move had been taken for the purposes of consistency and to avoid costs and confusion over whether place names should ever take an apostrophe.

Who agrees with this statement?

This is a controversial issue, therefore there are two sides; some people think we should use them and others disagree. The reasons for those who do say that

  1. apostrophes indicate missing letters in the middle of words/phrases e.g don’t the missing letter is the ‘o’ ‘do not’
  2. educate society
  3. children may start to become confused – what they learn in class and what they see in the streets will be different

reasons why we should ban apostrophes:

  1. can be confusing
  2. only make a very small difference – don’t have much of an impact
  3. all words are pronounced the same regardless of the apostrophe

Personally I think that we need apostrophes. First of all you can’t just change the rules now as this will create the most confusion. People for many years have been using the apostrophe so even if it was abolished people are still going to continue to use it. Secondly, children will fail to understand the meanings of basic words which could effect them later in life. Last but not least I think it would be ridiculous to stop using apostrophes full stop just because of the council being too lazy to add them onto street signs.

Apostrophes: To Ban or Not to Ban?

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Should We Or Shouldn’t/Should Not We?

After Birmingham City Council banned apostrophe street signs, opinions have erupted and debates over different spellings is ongoing. Their decision was done for the purposes of consistency and to avoid costs and confusion over whether place names should ever take an apostrophe. The question is, are Birmingham City Council correct in their decision?

Apostrophes have both pros and cons, or perhaps pro’s and con’s? Either way, there are two sides to the argument. Firstly, many believe apostrophes should be banned as they are:

  • pointless and a waste of a character when typing
  • they generally don’t interfere with the pronunciation of words, apart from your/you’re and they/they’re etc
  • people get them mixed up
  • children find it difficult to learn the differences between words

However, many people believe apostrophes should remain as they are:

  • beneficial to people as they show the difference between words, e.g. were on it’s own refers to present tense, whereas adding an apostrophe becomes we’re meaning “we are.”
  • they add to educating society
  • they make words make sense

The removal of apostrophes from street signs is seen as negative regression to some as it is an example of society becoming “dumber” as they are no longer bothering with basic punctuation. Children will fail to understand basic words and the correct spellings for them which will affect them in later life. Whereas others believe that apostrophes being banned is positive as huge amounts of money are spent yearly by major business on proof reading or spellcheck on phones etc for the outcome to be minimal.

I personally  think that apostrophes are needed as they educate people to become successful people later in life. If you can’t even write a sentence correctly, how far are you expected to get in life?