Naming That ‘-nym’…

English contains a lot of “-nyms” and “isms”. Below are just a few examples of key words learned.

Hypernym is a linguistic term for a word whose meaning includes the meanings of other words. For instance, flower is a hypernym of daisy and rose. Hyponym, on the other hand is a word with a more narrow meaning: it includes examples within a catergory.

E.g: Daisies and roses belong to the semantic field of flower.

Euphemism- mild, indirect way of saying something socially unacceptable. E.g: you’re dog has passed away?

Dysphemism: negative, derogatory way of saying something.

E.g: you’re dog’s died/ where’s the pee-pot. I need a wee.

 

1.     Finally, synonyms:

  1. a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language, for example shut is a synonym of close.

 

 

 

 

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